In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

Ease the stress of Infertility. At Reproductive Science Center of the San Francisco Bay Area, we have designed an IVF Assurance plan with one goal in mind, the birth of your baby. To achieve this, our pledge: have a baby or 100 percent refund. Click here to find out more.

In vitro fertilization is a method of infertility treatment in which IVF specialists combine the sperm and the egg (oocyte) in a laboratory dish for fertilization to occur. An IVF doctor then transfers the resulting embryo(s) to the uterus to develop naturally. IVF treatment offers the highest rate of success out of all the treatment options for infertility. It is also the most complex fertility treatment.

IVF has been successfully used for over three decades. Louise Brown, the first IVF baby (back then, she was referred to as the “test tube baby”), was born in 1978. Since then, technology and skills have become very advanced and fine-tuned. Accordingly, success rates for assisted reproductive technology (ART) have risen and are reported annually by members of the Society for Advanced Reproductive Technology.

Learn more about SART’s fertility calculator. 

IVF was originally intended as a way for women with blocked fallopian tubes to conceive a child. Because of its success, IVF is now used to treat a number of other infertility causes. When combined with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), IVF therapy results in success even for men with severe male factor infertility. The use of donor sperm and donor eggs with IVF allows men and women who would otherwise not have a chance at pregnancy to experience the wonders of pregnancy, birth, and biological parenthood. IVF can also virtually suspend the “biological clock” by expediting the conception process for women in their late 30s and early 40s. Using frozen eggs and embryos is another way to extend the biological clock.

Learn more about how an IVF cycle works

Conditions IVF Can Treat

Choosing an IVF Clinic

Patients want to be informed health care consumers. To that end, fertility specialists expect new patients to ask the following questions about the clinic’s services and success rates:

  • Pregnancy ratio per embryo transfer?
  • Pregnancy rate for couples who are in the same age range and with similar infertility causes?
  • Live birth rate for all couples who undergo IVF?
  • Rate of delivered twins or higher order multiples (triplets or more)?


Other questions to ask:

  • How much does the procedure cost, including fertility medications?
  • Does the clinic offer financial assistance programs such as loan financing or Attain IVF programs?
  • How much does cryopreservation and frozen embryo storage cost?
  • What are other related details, for example, is there a time limit on storage?
  • Does the clinic allow unused embryos to be donated to research or other infertile couples?
  • Does the clinic allow and perform disposal of unused embryos?
  • Is egg donation an option at this clinic, if necessary?
  • What are my chances of miscarriage and how can I lessen those chances.

Get on the fast track to parenthood by skipping artificial insemination and starting IVF first. 

Dr. Louis Weckstein gives an overview of IVF